# Fillable Foreign Key Analyzer

Category Severity Time To Fix
🛡️ Security ⚠️ Critical 10 minutes

Class: Enlightn\Enlightn\Analyzers\Security\FillableForeignKeyAnalyzer

# Introduction

This analyzer confirms that your application does not have any "fillable" foreign keys to protect against mass assignment.

Mass assignment is a vulnerability where an ORM pattern in a web application is abused to modify data items that the user should not be allowed to access. To protect against mass assignment (opens new window), Laravel provides the ability to whitelist (using $fillable) or blacklist (using guarded) the model attributes that can be assigned user data.

Typically, you would not want to whitelist foreign keys to avoid ownership stealing. Consider the user model below:

 * The attributes that are mass assignable.
 * @var array
$fillable = [

Here, team_id is a fillable property. This means that attackers can abuse this pattern to change to teams that belong to other users or organizations.

# Exceptions

There may be cases where it is perfectly fine to whitelist foreign keys. For instance, if they relate to static data, keys such as country_id or something like a type_id may be valid fillable foreign keys.

It is difficult for the analyzer to assess such situations. So, it flags a failure nonetheless (better safe than sorry right?). Feel free to ignore such warnings.

# References